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Dr. Gary  Shapiro
Dr. Gary Shapiro
Professor of Philosophy, Tucker-Boatwright Professor of the Humanities, Emeritus

Gary Shapiro is the Tucker-Boatwright Professor of Humanities-Philosophy, Emeritus, at the University of Richmond. He taught at Richmond from 1991-2011, following twenty-one years of teaching in the Philosophy Department at the University of Kansas. 

Shapiro received his B.A. and Ph.D. degrees from Columbia University, where he taught both Philosophy and Humanities while completing his graduate studies. He is the author of five books, editor of two others, and has contributed over fifty articles or chapters to academic journals and books. Shapiro has given talks at numerous national and international philosophical and interdisciplinary conferences.

He has been awarded a number of fellowships and residencies from such groups as the American Council of Learned Societies, National Humanities Center, Clark Art Institute, the School of Criticism and Theory, National Endowment for the Humanities, and the Rockefeller Foundation (Bellaggio). Following his formal retirement, Prof. Shapiro continues to lecture and publish, while teaching occasional guest classes.


“Land Art: The First 10,000 Years,” International Association for Environmental Philosophy, Salt Lake City, October 2016

“Nietzsche’s Earth: Times of the Multitude and the Anti-Christ,” Joint Meeting of the Friedrich Nietzsche Society (UK) and the Nietzsche Gesellschaft (Germany), keynote, Naumburg, Germany, September 2016

“Atmospheres and Diagrams: Preface to Geoaesthetics,” keynote, East-West Philosophy Conference, University of Hawaii, May 2016

“ ‘The hours of daylight gather atmosphere’ : Garden Variety Philosophy”, keynote, Comparative and Continental Philosophy Circle, Reykjavik, Iceland, May 16, 2015

“The End of the World and Other Times in Leonard Cohen’s The Future” World Congress of Philosophy, Athens, Greece, August 2013

“Nietzsche on Time and Political Theology,” annual Philosophy in Assos Conference, Assos Turkey, July 2013

Kairos and chronos: Nietzsche on the Compression and Dilation of Time,” DePaul University, May 2013

"Rethinking the Picturesque" (keynote talk and Wolfe Mays Memorial Lecture) British Society for Phenomenology and Irish Phenomenological Circle, Cork, Ireland, March 30-April 1, 2012

“Garden Variety Philosophy: Geophilosophy and Geoaesthetics,” Brown University, Feb. 25, 2009
“Earth’s Other Times,” CENDEAC (Center for Research in Contemporary Art) Murcia, Spain, March 11, 2008
“Art and Diagram: Geophilosophy and Geoaesthetics,” California College of the Arts, December 6, 2007
“Space, Time, and Hermeneutics,” (on Dennis Schmidt’s book, Lyrical Subjects), at Society for Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy, November 8, 2007
“The Paradoxes of Art,” American Philosophical Association (invited main program symposium), December 2005
“Borders, Boundaries, and Difficult Crossings,” (Society for Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy [SPEP] invited session, response to Edward Casey) American Philosophical Association, December 27, 2005
“On Archaeologies of Vision,” (SPEP invited session on my book), October 20, 2005
“Assassins and Crusaders: Nietzsche After 9/11,” Nietzsche in New York Conference, Hunter College, April 8, 2005
“Vision: Merleau-Ponty and Foucault,” American Philosophical Association, (invited main program symposium) Dec. 30, 2004
Institutional Service

Philosophy Workshop: Nietzche's New Politics, 2007

Film Series: Thinkers on Film, 2008

Faculty Seminars directed at the University of Richmond:

  • Multiculturalism, 1994
  • Seeing Across Cultures, 1997 (co-directed with Stephen Addiss)
  • Philosophy of Gilles Deleuze

Nietzsche’s Earth: Great Events, Great Politics, University of Chicago Press, September 2016

Archaeologies of Vision: Foucault and Nietzsche on Seeing and Saying, University of Chicago Press, 2003, 438 pp., 29 illustrations

Earthwards: Robert Smithson and Art After Babel, University of California Press, 1995; xiv + 271 pp.

Alcyone:  Nietzsche on Gifts, Noise, and Women, State University of New York Press, 1991; xii + 158 pp.

Nietzschean Narratives, Indiana University Press, 1989; x + 179 pp.

After the Future: Postmodern Times and Places, State University of New York Press, 1990, 360 pp. (Collection of original essays)

Hermeneutics: Questions and Prospects, co-editor (with Alan Sica) University of Massachusetts Press, 1984, 310 pp.; paperback edition, Fall 1988 (Collection of original essays)


“Then and Now, Here and There: On the Grounds of Aesthetics,” in Journal of Speculative Philosophy, 2012

“The Absent Image: Translation as Impossible and Necessary,” Journal of Visual Culture (April 2007) pp. 13-24 (lead article)

“Territories, Landscapes, Gardens: Toward Geoaesthetics,” Angelaki: Journal of the Theoretical Humanities 9:2 (2004), pp. 103-115

“‘Give Me a Break!’ Emerson on Fruit and Flowers,” in Journal of Speculative Philosophy, 1999, pp. 98-113

“What was Literary History?” Social Epistemology, 1988, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 3-19

“An Ancient Quarrel in Hegel’s Phenomenology,” The Owl of Minerva, Spring 1986, pp. 165-180

“Gadamer, Habermas, and the Death of Art,” The British Journal of Aesthetics, Winter 1986, pp. 39-47

“From the Sublime to the Political,” in New Literary History, 1985 (XVI:2), pp. 213-235

“Nietzschean Aphorism as Art and Act.” in Man and World, (now Continental Philosophy Review) 17:  3-4 (1984), pp. 399-429 and in Phenomenology and the Human Sciences (Nijhoff, 1985), pp. 159-190

“Peirce and Derrida on First and Last Things,” in University of Dayton Review, Spring 1984 (Hermeneutics issue), pp. 33-38

“Some Genres of Post-Hegelian Philosophy,” Metaphilosophy, July-October, 1982, pp. 269-276

“Nietzsche Contra Renan,” History and Theory, 1982, 2, pp. 193-222

“Reading and Writing in the Text of Hobbes’s Leviathan,” The Journal of the History of Philosophy, April 1980, pp. 147-157

“Notes on the Animal Kingdom of the Spirit,” Clio, Spring 1979, pp. 323-338.

“The Owl of Minerva and the Colors of the Night,” Philosophy and Literature, Fall 1977, pp. 276-294

“Hegel’s Dialectic of Artistic Meaning,” The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Fall 1976, pp. 23-35

“Hegel on the Meanings of Poetry,” Philosophy and Rhetoric, Spring 1975, pp. 88-107; published also in Art and Logic in Hegel's Philosophy, edited by W. Steinkraus and K. Schmitz, Humanities Press, 1980, pp. 35-54

“Intention and Interpretation in Art: A Semiotic Analysis,” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Fall 1974, pp. 33-42


 “States and Nomads: Hegel’s World and Nietzsche’s Earth,” in Nietzsche and the Becoming of Life, ed. Vanessa Lemm (Fordham, 2014)

“The End of the World and Other Times in ‘The Future,’” in Leonard Cohen and Philosophy, ed. Jason Holt (Open Court, 2014)

Kairos and chronos in the Time of the Multitude: Nietzsche and the Time of the Political,” in Nietzsche’s Political Thought, ed. Keith Ansell-Pearson (Continuum, 2013)

“Speaking a Word for Nature: Thoreau’s Philosophical Saunter,” in Ethics, Art, and Representations of the Holocaust (Festschrift for Berel Lang), ed. Carol Gould et. al. (Lexington, 2013)

“Reading on the Edge of Oblivion: Virgil and Virgule in J.M. Coetzee’s Age of Iron” in Literary Studies and the Practice of Reading, Festschrift for Clayton Koelb, ed. Eric Downing et. al. (Camden, 2012)

“Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art 1840-1900,” in History of Continental Philosophy II, ed. Daniel Conway (Acumen, 2010)

“The Philosophy of Central Park: The Pragmatic Picturesque,” in Gardening: Philosophy for Everyone, ed. Dan O’Brien (Wiley-Blackwell, 2010)

“Assassins and Crusaders: Nietzsche After 9/11” Nietzsche at the Margins ed A.Hicks and A. Rosenberg (Purdue University Press, 2007)

“Assassins and Crusaders: Nietzsche After 9/11” Nietzsche at the Margins ed A.Hicks and A. Rosenberg (Purdue University Press, 2007), pp. 186-204

“Nietzsche and the Philosophy of Religion,” in The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Religion, ed. Chad Meister (Routledge, 2007), pp. 170-180

“Nietzsche on Geophilosophy and Geoaesthetics,” in the Blackwell Companion to Nietzsche, ed. Keith Ansell-Pearson (Blackwell, 2006), pp. 477-494

“Ariadne’s Thread: Walter Benjamin’s Hashish Passages,” in High Culture: Reflections on Addiction and Modernity, ed. Anna Alexander and Mark Roberts (State University of New York Press, 2003), pp. 59-74

“Nietzsche and Visuality” in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (Oxford, 1998), vol.3, pp. 364-366

“French Aesthetics: Contemporary Painting Theory,” in Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (Oxford, 1998), vol. 2, pp. 235-240

“Diasporas,” in Jacob Golomb, ed. Nietzsche and Jewish Culture (Routledge, 1997), pp. 244-262

“Debts Due and Overdue: Beginnings of Philosophy in Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Anaximander,” in Nietzsche, Genealogy, Morality: Essays on Nietzsche's Genealogy of Morals, Richard Schacht, ed. (Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1994), pp. 358-375

“Art and its Doubles: Danto, Foucault and their Simulacra,” in Mark Rollins, ed., Danto and his Critics (Blackwell’s, 1993),  pp. 129-141

“Subversion of System/Systems of Subversion,” (on Hegel), in Writing the Politics of Difference, Hugh J. Silverman, editor (State University of New York Press, 1991), pp. 1-12

“Translating, Repeating, Naming:  Foucault, Derrida and the Genealogy of Morals,” in Nietzsche and Postmodernism, edited by Clayton Koelb (State University of New York Press, 1990) pp. 39-55

“To Philosophize is to Learn to Die,” in Signs in Culture: Roland Barthes Today, edited by Steven Ungar and Betty McGraw, University of Iowa Press, 1989, pp. 3-31

Ph.D., Columbia University
B.A., Columbia College
Contact Information
(804) 289-8736¿
Areas of Expertise
European Philosophy since Kant
American Philosophy
Philosophy of Art